Skip to main content

HTH325 Health Care Delivery Systems: Your Assignment

Use this guide to find peer reviewed journals for your assignment for Dr. Michael Covone

Your Assignment, Keywords, and Setting Up a Search Strategy

Students compare and contrast the health system of the United States with either Germany, France, or Japan.

Students are to find a minimum of four (4) current peer-reviewed resources published within the last 5-7 years.

Paper criteria includes:

  • What are the benefits/limitations of their health care system vs. the United States system?
  • What issues are faced by each system related to:
    • Quality?
    • Access?
    • Cost of health care?
  • Is the overall health of this country's population better or worse compared to the United States?
    Benchmarks can be used, such as:  infant mortality rates, mortality rates for cardiovascular disease, life expectancy for males and females, percentage of people with normal body mass, etc.
  • What percentage of GDP (gross domestic product) does each country spend on health care expenditures?
    Does a larger percentage automatically mean better health care?  Explain why or why not.

The following sites are to be used only to find keywords and phrases that you can then use as search terms when searching for articles and books.

health care (noun):  a set of actions by a person or persons to maintain or improve the health of a patient/consumer


  • I have developed a plan for my patient’s health care.
  • A heavier emphasis on preventive health care by patients and providers will improve health outcomes and quality of life.
  • The RNs in this practice provide the majority of the health care for their patients.
  • Special case: hyphenated adjectival form of “health care”
    • Health-care services have become more expensive and more complex over the last 50 years.
    • The health-care needs of the patients in this hospital wing are much higher than the needs of the average patient.

healthcare (noun or adjective):  a system, industry, or field that facilitates the logistics and delivery of health care for patients/consumers


  • Noun
    • I hope to work in healthcare one day.
    • Healthcare’s number and diversity of players grew significantly over the course of the twentieth century.
    • Modern healthcare requires both skilled clinicians and savvy, experienced business professionals to be effective and successful.
  • Adjective
    • The healthcare IT industry has been booming as a result of the strong demand for population analytics and effective electronic health record (EHR) systems.
    • Healthcare reform has been a tough but important process to address many of the systematic failures of the healthcare system.
    • Many former Wall Street professionals are moving into healthcare finance as a result of the industry’s massive growth.
  • Use quotation marks around phrases and an asterisk * to truncate a word (except in PubMed):

    • "infant mortality"

    • mortality AND "cardiovascular disease"

    • "life expectancy" AND male* (the * will search for male or males)

    • "life expenctancy" AND female*

    • percentage AND "normal body mass"

    • "health care delivery system*"

    • GDP AND ("health care expenditure*" OR "health care cost*")

    • healthcare AND (benefit* OR limitation*)
      Although the article may talk about these but never mention the words "benefit" or "limitations",  think of some terms that may be a "benefit"  or a "limitation".  e.g., Germany AND "health care insurance" AND "United States"

  • You may have to search separately and then compare two articles, e.g. search "United States" AND "infant mortality" then search for Germany AND "infant morality" and compare.

  • Write out "United States" (do not use US or U.S.)

  • Limit your search by date range.

  • Limit the article's language to English.
Loading ...