The American fixation with marriage owes much of its intensity to a small group of reformers who introduced Americans to marriage counseling in the 1930s. This book tells the American story of a culture gripped with the hope that, with enough effort and the right guidance, more perfect marital unions are within our reach.
Though attitudes toward sexuality have changed greatly over the past two centuries, it is still taken for granted that a distinction can be made between natural and unnatural manifestations of sexuality.
Hookup culture dominates the lives of college students today. Most students spend hours agonizing over their hopes for Friday night and, later, dissecting the evenings' successes or failures, often wishing that the social contract of the hookup would allow them to ask for more out of sexual intimacy. The pressure to participate comes from all directions, from peers, the media, and even parents. But how do these expectations affect students themselves? And why aren't parents and universities helping students make better-informed decisions about sex and relationships? This book discusses how college students are pressured by their peers to have casual sexual encounters which leave them ambivalent and isolated, and presents advice on how they can avoid unwanted sex and form healthy, more meaningful relationships.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the research on same sex parenthood, exploring ways in which lesbian and gay parents resist, accommodate, and transform fundamental notions of gender, parenting, and family. The book takes a family life cycle approach, beginning with research on how same sex couples meet and build healthy relationships, then describing how and why same sex couples decide to have children and how they grapple with the changing roles each partner must adopt.
"Is homosexuality unnatural? Does the Bible condemn it? Are people born gay (and should it matter either way)? Corvino approaches such questions with precision, sensitivity, and good humor. In the process, he makes a fresh case for moral engagement, forcefully rejecting the idea that morality is a "private matter." This book appears at a time when same-sex marriage is being hotly debated across the U.S. Many people object to such marriage on the grounds that same-sex relationships are immoral, or at least, that they do not deserve the same social recognition as heterosexual relationships. Unfortunately, the traditional rhetoric of gay-rights advocates -- which emphasizes privacy and tolerance -- fails to meet this objection. Legally speaking, when it comes to marriage, "tolerance" might be enough, Corvino concedes, but socially speaking, marriage requires more. Marriage is more than just a relationship between two individuals, recognized by the state. It is also a relationship between those individuals and a larger community. The fight for same-sex marriage, ultimately, is a fight for full inclusion in the moral fabric. What is needed is a positive case for moral approval -- which is what Corvino unabashedly offers here."
"Pornography has always been central to debates about sex and emerging new media technologies. Today, debate is increasingly focused on online pornographies. This collection examines pornography's significance as a focus of definition, debate, and myth; its development as a mainstream entertainment industry; and the emergence of the new economy of Porn 2.0, and of new types of porn labor and professionalism."
What does the "tradition of marriage" really look like? In A History of Marriage, Elizabeth Abbott paints an often surprising picture of this most public, yet most intimate, institution. Ritual of romance, or social obligation? Eternal bliss, or cult of domesticity? Abbott reveals a complex tradition that includes same-sex unions, arranged marriages, dowries, self-marriages, and child brides. Marriage—in all its loving, unloving, decadent, and impoverished manifestations—is revealed here through Abbott's infectious curiosity.
This book shows how the nurturance of family has increasingly become a willful, radical idea in an era of pervasive technology. The authors analyze important trends, including the acceleration and attenuation of childhood, and offer a children’s bill of rights and accompanying parental responsibilities.
"Muslim Family in a Dilemma provides empirical examinations of many problems in the Muslim family in the United States and Europe, such as divorce, mental health, and the abuse of women."--BOOK JACKET.
The institution of marriage had become a social and political battlefield. Cherlin writes that Americans marry more repeatedly and have more live-in partners; that marriage and remarriage, frequent divorce, and short-term cohabiting relationships have resulted in a core upheaval in American family life; and that American children have been left to cope with the frequent and disruptive comings and goings of parents. He writes that Americans have come to embrace two contradictory models of personal and family life: marriage, a formal commitment to share one's life with another; and individualism, which emphasizes personal growth and development. The former promotes a lasting relationship; the latter encourages one to move on. Each model is culturally reinforced by two basic, powerful institutions: religion and law. Cherlin writes about the inconsistency of American religion and law with regard to family life. He argues that contemporary religion, although supportive of marriage, embraces the quest for self-development. And he makes clear that family law, which used to be centered on marriage, is today focused on the individual and his or her obligations to children.
"A fresh collection of original essays by leading scholars that focuses on how families operate in everyday life: what they are, how they work, and why they matter. Families as They Really Are goes to the heart of the family values debate by reframing the question about families from "Are they breaking down?" to "Where are they going, how, and why?" Essays in the book are not reprints; you won't find them anywhere else. Each article is a new contribution to the research and theory about families, drawn from an interdisciplinary community of experts. The four parts of Families as They Really Are focus on how we got to where we are today, what's happening in relationships, youth in the 21st century, and the state of the gender revolution."--Publisher's website.
In this book about families--those of the various native peoples of southern New England and those of the English settlers and their descendants--Gloria Main compares the ways in which the two cultures went about solving common human problems. Using original sources--diaries, inventories, wills, court records--as well as the findings of demographers, ethnologists, and cultural anthropologists, she compares the family life of the English colonists with the lives of comparable groups remaining in England and of native Americans. She looks at social organization, patterns of work, gender relations, sexual practices, childbearing and childrearing, demographic changes, and ways of dealing with sickness and death.
Immigrants and their American-born children represent about one quarter of the United States population. Drawing on rich, in-depth ethnographic research, the fascinating case studies in Across Generations examine the intricacies of relations between the generations in a broad range of immigrant groups - from Latin America, Asia, the Caribbean, and Africa - and give a sense of what everyday life is like in immigrant families. Moving beyond the cliche of the children of immigrants engaging in pitched battles against tradition-bound parents from the old country, these vivid essays offer a nuanced view that brings out the ties that bind the generations as well as the tensions that divide them. Tackling key issues like parental discipline, marriage choices, educational and occupational expectations, legal status, and transnational family ties, Across Generations brings crucial insights to our understanding of the United States as a nation of immigrants.
How do working parents provide care and mobilize the help that they need? Karen V. Hansen investigates the lives of working parents and the informal networks they construct to help care for their children. The book concludes with a series of policy suggestions intended to improve the environment in which working families raise children.
"Michael Rosenfeld offers a new theory of family dynamics to account for the startling changes in marriage and family composition in the United States in recent years. His argument revolves around the independent life stage that emerged around 1960. Young adults go through this stage after they leave their parents' homes but before they settle down to start their own families. During this time, young men and women depart for college, travel abroad, begin careers, and enjoy social independence. These experiences have reduced parental control over the dating practices and mate selection of their children and have resulted in a sharp rise in interracial and same-sex unions - unions that were more easily averted by previous generations of parents." "Complementing analysis of newly available census data from the entire twentieth century with in-depth interviews that explore the histories of families and couples. Rosenfeld proposes a conceptual model to explain many social changes that may seem unrelated but that flow from the same underlying logic. He shows, for example, that the more a relationship is transgressive of conventional morality, the more likely it is for the individuals to live away from their family and area of origin."
Marriage, the emotional core and social foundation of our culture, is under attack. Profound changes in our values have eroded family life to a degree that degrades the very integrity of our society. This devastation takes many forms, says the renowned scholar, James Q. Wilson: the proliferation of cohabitation instead of formal marriage, the steep increase in single and teenage parents, and the rising divorce rate. Behind these diverse forces, Wilson draws on meticulous research to identify two underlying causes of this destruction: the rise of individualism and the consequences of slavery. Unafraid to contradict conventional wisdom, Wilson provides ample evidence that marriage benefits all parties, husbands, wives and, especially, children. An important and persuasive book, The Marriage Problem is a clarion call to rebuild the family, and society, by having a solid marital structure at its core.
"Family Relationships brings together leading theorists and researchers from evolutionary psychology and related disciplines to illustrate the ways in which an evolutionary perspective can inform our study and understanding of family relationships. The contributors argue that family psychology is relationship specific: the relationship between mother and daughter is different from that between father and daughter or that between brother and sister or sister and sister. In other words, humans have evolved specialized mechanisms for processing information and motivating behavior that deal with the distinct demands of being a mate, father, mother, sibling, child, or grandparent. Such an evolutionary perspective on family dynamics provides a unique insight into human behavior. This volume will be an indispensable resource for psychologists, sociologists, and anthropologists, as well as scholars of family, marriage, and animal behavior."--BOOK JACKET
"Paula Caplan reveals the true causes of the anguish between mothers and daughters and shows how they can reevaluate the barriers between them to gain a new appreciation of each other and their relationship. With advice and personal stories, Caplan shows us how we can come to more fully love and accept each other and ourselves. The New Don't Blame Mother will explain how mothers and daughters can become allies and, at best, find the love they have lost and create new possibilities for caring about each other."--Jacket.
"Common stereotypes portray black fathers as being largely absent from their families. Yet while black fathers are less likely than white and Hispanic fathers to marry their child's mother, many continue to parent through cohabitation and visitation, providing caretaking, financial, and other in-kind support. This volume captures the meaning and practice of black fatherhood in its many manifestations, exploring two-parent families, cohabitation, single custodial fathering, stepfathering, noncustodial visitation, and parenting by extended family members and friends. Contributors examine ways that black men perceive and decipher their parenting responsibilities, paying careful attention to psychosocial, economic, and political factors that affect the ability to parent. Chapters compare the diversity of African American fatherhood with negative portrayals in politics, academia, and literature and, through qualitative analysis and original profiles, illustrate the struggle and intent of many black fathers to be responsible caregivers. This collection also includes interviews with daughters of absent fathers and concludes with the effects of certain policy decisions on responsible parenting."--Book cover.
"The 'deadbeat dad' is a common topic in today's news media. As an experienced social worker, family therapist, and mediator, Deena Mandell is familiar not only with popular, legal, and institutional discourses on the subject, but also with the lived reality of those involved in support conflict. In 'Deadbeat Dads, ' she addresses the reasons for the failure of child support enforcement." "Non-payment of child support is often seen as an individual act of defiance or a moral failing, or it is interpreted only in terms of its economic ill effects. These perceptions can actually reinforce resistance and disengagement on the part of fathers, by causing them to see themselves as victims whose personal rights are under threat. And all too often, as this study shows, in the struggle between the state's protection of its financial interests and the fathers' focus on their personal rights, the needs of children disappear." "Mandell constructs a sophisticated argument around findings from interviews with separated fathers, augmented with the perspectives of enforcement personnel such as judges, mediators, and lawyers, and with first-hand observation of courtroom discussions. This is a qualitative study that lets informants speak for themselves but also subjects the resulting insights to critical analysis."--Jacket.
In this book, Ann Crittenden argues that although women have been liberated, mothers have not. Drawing on hundreds of interviews from around the country, as well as the most current research in economics, sociology, history, child development and law, she shows how mothers are systematically disadvantaged and made dependent by a society that celebrates the labor of child-rearing but undervalues and even exploits those who perform it. The price of motherhood is everywhere apparent. College-educated women pay a "mommy tax" of more than a million dollars in lost income when they have a child. Family law deprives mothers of financial equality in marriage. Most child care is excluded from the gross domestic product, at-home mothers are not counted in the labor force, and the social safety net leaves them out. With passion and clarity, Crittenden dismantles the principal argument for the status quo: that it's a woman's "choice." She demonstrates, on the contrary, that if mothers had more resources and respect, everyone--including children--would be better off. The price of motherhood reveals the glaring disparity between the value created by mothers' work and the reward women receive for carrying out society's most important job.
Mothers have consistently relied upon one another for guidance and support as they navigate the difficult world of parenting. For many women, the increasingly established online community of "mommyblogs" now provides a source of camaraderie and support that acknowledges both the work of mothering and the implications of its undertaking. Beyond their capacity to entertain, how have mommyblogs shifted our understanding of twenty-first-century motherhood? In examining the content of hundreds of mommyblogs, May Friedman considers the ways that online maternal life writing provides a front row seat to some of the most raw, offbeat, and engaging portraits of motherhood imaginable. Focusing on the composition of the "mamasphere" and on mommyblogs' emphasis on connection, Friedman reveals the changing face of contemporary motherhood - one less concerned with the proscriptions of what good mothers should do, and more invested in what diverse mothers have to say.
"Ideologies and Technologies of Motherhood charts new territory by exploring the notion of motherhood for women of differing classes, races, religions and nations in the light of various strategies and new technologies used to attain motherhood. By examining such topics as transracial adoption, surrogate motherhood, in vitro fertilization, pregnancy loss, and caring for disabled children, the contributors reveal how race, gender, kinship and personal identity are transformed through the lens of motherhood, and how motherhood itself is being reconfigured across national and cultural contexts. Book jacket."--Jacket.
"The best kept secret studies the often-overlooked group of single, African American custodial fathers. While the media focuses on the increase of single mothers and the decline in marriage in the black community, Roberta L. Coles paints a nuanced picture of single black dads. Based on qualitative research, the author examines the parenting experience of these fathers, who became single parents through nonmarital births, divorce, widowhood, or adoption. The fathers, ranging in age from twenty to seventy-six, discuss their motivations for taking custody of their children, the roles they enact as parents, the hopes for their children, how they socialize their children in a diverse society, how parenting daughters differs from sons, and what parenting has done for them personally. Coles then recommends policy changes to improve the situations for children and single parents-particularly often-unseen fathers. Filled with dynamic interviews and intriguing case studies. The Best Kept Secret shows that single black custodial fathers do exist and looks at the ways raising children has shaped their lives."--BOOK JACKET.
This book brings together in one volume a range of research articles and essays on what has become the most dynamic change in family structure in U.S. history and how it impacts society. It is a resource that makes work being done on the single-parent family phenomena accessible to general readers. It helps readers go beyond the stereotypes and look closely at the complexity of families with one parent and consider their place in society. It encompasses the wide variety of households with a single parent, a family structure that promises to continue to grow and diversify. In fact, single-parent families now outnumber two-parent families. But within that category, there is a surprising range of diversity, with father-headed households undergoing a particularly dramatic rise in number. Throughout, the book gauges the impact of the increasing number of single-parent families on the nation as a whole, particularly in regard to policies concerning family welfare, children's services and health care, schools, and other essential social institutions.
While most texts touch lightly on families, Sailor's text provides in-depth readable coverage of diverse family forms, cultural differences, early care and education, schooling, the media, community services, and social policies affecting the development of children.
Children with incarcerated parents are at risk for a variety of problematic outcomes, yet research has rarely examined protective factors or resilience processes that might mitigate such risk in this population. In this volume, we present findings from fi ve new studies that focus on child- or family-level resilience processes in children with parents currently or recently incarcerated in jail or prison. In the fi rst study, empathic responding is examined as a protective factor against aggressive peer relations for 210 elementary school age children of incarcerated parents. The second study further examines socially aggressive behaviors with peers, with a focus on teasing and bullying, in a sample of 61 children of incarcerated mothers. Emotion regulation is examined as a possible protective factor. The third study contrasts children's placement with maternal grandmothers versus other caregivers in a sample of 138 mothers incarcerated in a medium security state prison. The relation between a history of positive attachments between mothers and grandmothers and the current cocaregiving alliance are of particular interest. The fourth study examines coparenting communication in depth on the basis of observations of 13 families with young children whose mothers were recently released from jail. Finally, in the fi fth study, the proximal impacts of a parent management training intervention on individual functioning and family relationships are investigated in a diverse sample of 359 imprisoned mothers and fathers. Taken together, these studies further our understanding of resilience processes in children of incarcerated parents and their families and set the groundwork for further research on child development and family resilience within the context of parental involvement in the criminal justice system.
This case supplement includes 18 cases written by undergraduates or recent graduates representing a cultural and topically diverse perspective. These cases represent a cross-section of contemporary adolescence, covering family and peer relationships, eating disorders, self image, and illness.
People's experiences of racial inequality in adulthood are well documented, but less attention is given to the racial inequalities that children and adolescents face. This book provides a first hand account of the different social worlds that teens of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds experience. In their own words, these American teens describe, conflicts with parents, pressures from other teens, school experiences, and religious beliefs that drive their various understandings of the world. As the book reveals, teens' unequal experiences have a significant impact on their adult lives and their potential for social mobility. Directly confronting the constellation of advantages and disadvantages white, black, Hispanic, and Asian teens face today, this work provides a framework for understanding the relationship between socialization in adolescence and social inequality in adulthood. By uncovering the role racial and ethnic differences play early on, we can better understand the sources of inequality in American life.
Understanding Teenage Girls: Culture, Identity and Schooling focuses on a range of social phenomenon that impact the lives of adolescent females of color. The authors highlight the daily challenges that African-American, Chicana, and Puerto Rican teenage girls face with respect to peer and family influences, media stereotyping, body image, community violence, pregnancy, and education. The authors also emphasize the incredible resiliency that young women possess in countering many of the social barriers confronting them. This work attempts to communicate the often hushed voices of girls of color, for the purpose of understanding their views on life experiences and how they negotiate social and cultural mores. In company with their perspectives are the authors' analyses guided by their years of teaching and mentoring experiences, as well as contemporary research literature from the fields of education, counseling, psychology, nursing, and anthropology. Practical strategies are also offered for those professionals assisting adolescent girls of color in and outside of schools.
The Parent App is more than an advice manual. As Clark admits, technology changes too rapidly for that. Rather, she puts parenting in context, exploring the meaning of media challenges and the consequences of our responses--for our lives as family members and as members of society.
Overview: How well do children navigate the ocean of information that is available online? The enormous variety of Web-based resources represents both opportunities and challenges for Internet-savvy kids, offering extraordinary potential for learning and social connection but little guidance on assessing the reliability of online information. This book reports on the first large-scale survey to examine children's online information-seeking strategies and their beliefs about the credibility of that information. This Web-based survey of 2,747 children, ages 11 to 18 (and their parents), confirms children's heavy reliance on the Internet. They are concerned about the credibility of online information, but 89 percent believe that "some" to "a lot" of it is believable; and, choosing among several options, they rate the Internet as the most believable information source for entertainment, commercial products, and schoolwork (more credible than books for papers or projects). Most have more faith information found on Wikipedia more than they say others should; and they consider an article on the Web site of Encyclopedia Britannica more believable than the identical article found on Wikipedia. Other findings show that children are appropriately skeptical of trusting strangers they meet online, but not skeptical enough about entertainment and health information found online. Older kids are more rigorous in their assessment of online information than younger ones; younger children are less analytical and more likely to be fooled.
This study reports on an ambitious three-year ethnographic investigation into how young people are living and learning with new media in varied settings - at home, in after school programs, and in online spaces.
Generational differences have always influenced how business is done, but in the case of "digital natives"-those immersed in digital technology from birth-we are witnessing a tectonic shift. As an always-connected, socially networked generation comes to dominate business and society, organizations can ignore the implications only at the risk of irrelevance.
In 88 funny, perceptive bite-sized stories, this book clears the cobwebs from some of the most prickly issues and predicaments faced by America's 48 million singles over the ages of 30, 40 and 50. Expect to be entertained, informed and enlightened -- all at the same time.
By focusing on such controversies and conflicts as the status of women, relations between the sexes, class antagonisms and the growth of a commercial mass culture, this book offers a new interpretation of the key decade of the 1920s and its significance for contemporary Thailand
In this world, nearly every woman will date a separated or divorced man at some point during her single life. These men come with numerous unexpected challenges. This work helps women: detect problems early on-and tackle them; identify problems that "come with the territory" vs those that are unacceptable; and more
A guide for women on understanding African-American men is a tongue-in-cheek reference that provides dating suggestions, multiple-choice tests, and insights into how and what men really think at every stage of a relationship.
A leading professional matchmaker draws on her professional expertise to offer women a step-by-step plan on how to win a man's heart, explaining how to meet, date, and keep the man who is most suitable for them and is also a potential marriage partner.
Provides an analysis of polyamory--having an intimate relationship with more than one person at a time--looking at the practice as a lifestyle and as a movement, and includes anecdotes of personal experiences.
Through interviews with individuals from black-white multiracial families, together with sociological analysis, this study examines the challenges faced by people living in such families, and explores how their experiences demonstrate the need for rethinking race in America.
Drawing on in-depth interviews with married and once-married couples, clergy, counselors, sociologists, and others, Riley shows that many people enter into interfaith marriages without much consideration of the fundamental spiritual, doctrinal, and practical issues that divide them. 'Til Faith Do Us Part is an exploration of the promise and peril of interfaith marriage today. --from publisher descriptio
The civil rights of lesbians and gay men are a prominent issue on the public agenda today, and one of the most contentious debates is the recognition of same-sex relationships. Same-sex marriage is being addressed in legislatures and courts throughout the world. This book highlights the legal and political battles of same-sex marriages in the United States. In addition, a survey of the status of gay relationships in other countries is outlined in order to compare these claims for equal rights in various political and social contexts. The movement to recognize gay and lesbian relationships demonstrates that law and conceptions of rights are important political resources for creating social change.
Same-sex marriage has become one of the defining social issues in contemporary U.S. politics. State court decisions finding in favor of same-sex relationship equality claims have been central to the issue's ascent from nowhere to near the top of the national political agenda. This book tells the story of the legal and cultural shift, its backlash, and how it has evolved over the past 15 years. There is a clear story of jurisprudential evolution with regards to same-sex marriage from Hawaii, through Vermont, Massachusetts, New Jersey, California, Connecticut, and, remarkably, Iowa in 2009. This book aids in a classroom examination of the legal, political, and social developments surrounding the issue of same-sex marriage in the United States. It provides an account of the litigation for same-sex marriage, and its successes and failures.
Argues that gay marriage is beneficial to the health of marriage as an institution and describes the reasons why marriage is vital to society, how gay marriage would work in the real world, and why the states should decide the issue of gay marriage.
The Baby Boom generation has breached the beginning age of retirement at 65. Today, concerns about the financial stability of Social Security, trends in disability, health care costs, and the supply of caregivers are all driven by the coming explosion in population over the age of 65. The Decennial Census and annual American Community Survey form the basis for this aging portrait. These are critical data sources because they are the only sources that provide comparable and comprehensive statistics for all communities across the nation. Many other survey sources exist that add health care and wellness indicators, but they do not provide the geographic detail coming from the Census Bureau. Aging in America contains information by state, metro area, county, city and congressional district for areas with a population of 65,000 or more.--Publisher description.
Addresses the diversity of aging experiences in society by race, gender, and social class, and in a form which combines insight from the humanities as well as the social sciences. This book includes a balance between empirical selections and literary pieces, keeping students interested and engaged while introducing them to research.
Presents a fresh approach to the topics surrounding the processes and rituals of death and dying in the United States. This book highlights the importance of two key factors in American society which determine who dies and under what circumstances: persistent social inequality and the American consumerist ethic.
"As a result of complex social, biological, and economic influences, men are a market in flux. In this eye-opening look at the factors shaping the new definition of man, the trio of future trend analysis show that being male is not what it used to be. "M-ness" means much more today than it ever has: it means power shifts and more freedom for men. And marketers, advertisers, and businesses across all industries - from automobiles to cosmetics - must understand the trends that are shaping the needs of their male consumers." "In this tour, the future of men identifies the many causes for the change to the male experience and places them in historical context. The authors show how the role of men has evolved and what it means for business and our culture. From the stay-at-home dad to the metrosexual to the new macho revival, the future of men will revolutionize how we define and reach the "new" male market."
A revolution is under way. Within a generation, more households will be supported by women than by men. In this book the author takes us to the frontier of this new economic order. She shows us why this flip is inevitable, what painful adjustments will have to be made along the way, and how both men and women will feel surprisingly liberated in the end. Couples today are debating who must assume the responsibility of primary earner and who gets the freedom of being the slow track partner. With more men choosing to stay home, she shows how that lifestyle has achieved a higher status, and the ways males have found to recover their masculinity. And the revolution is global: she takes us from Japan to Denmark to show how both sexes are adapting as the marriage market has turned into a giant free-for-all, with men and women at different stages of this transformation finding partners who match their expectations. This book is an analysis of the most important cultural shift since the rise of feminism: the coming era in which women will earn more than men, and how this will change work, love, and sex.
In this volume, 15 Iranian women talk intimately about all aspects of their lives, from domestic concerns to professional issues. The women - the eldest of whom is in her 50s, the youngest, 38 - explore their relationships, reflect on courtship and marriage, and address childcare and employment.
This is the reading list for Dr. Sahn's Sociology of Relationships and Marriage course. These titles are suggestions and dependent on the approval of your professor.