EBM is the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values. (Sackett DL, Straus SE, Richardson WS, et al.Evidence-based medicine: how to practice and teach EBM. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.). Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) can also be referred to as Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) or Evidence-Based Research (EBR).
The steps in the EBM process should always begin and end with the patient. It is a patient-centered care model and is typically initiated during clinical encounters with patients where questions about the effects of therapy, the utility of diagnostic tests, the prognosis of diseases, or the etiology (harm) of diseases arise.
Image source: Ellis Medical Library
The following is a list of articles originally published in American Journal of Nursing as a series from the Arizona State University College of Nursing and Health Innovation's Center for the Advancement of Evidence-Based Practice.
Medical research is a structured method of measuring and evaluating outcomes of various procedures, practices, hypotheses, etc. If one discovers a significant, proven result that can be replicated by others, and this result is better than current/customary practice, the new findings may be incorporated into everyday practice and is then referred to as Evidence Based Practice (EBP). The evidence is the result(s) and conclusion of the research. Medical practice is based on this evidence showing the effectiveness of a particular practice.
The original peer reviewed scholarly study or work was conducted by the author(s) using the scientific method of research.
It will usually contain the phrase, "the purpose of this study..."
The articles will contain the following sections: