The European Space Agency (ESA) is Europe’s gateway to space. Its mission is to shape the development of Europe’s space capability and ensure that investment in space continues to deliver benefits to the citizens of Europe and the world.
ESMD develops capabilities and supporting research and technology that will make human and robotic exploration possible. It also makes sure that our astronaut explorers are safe, healthy, and can perform their work during long-duration space exploration. In the near-term, ESMD does this by developing robotic precursor missions, human transportation elements, and life-support systems.
The Science Mission Directorate (SMD) engages the Nation’s science community, sponsors scientific research, and develops and deploys satellites and probes in collaboration with NASA’s partners around the world to answer fundamental questions requiring the view from and into space. SMD seeks to understand the origins, evolution, and destiny of the universe and to understand the nature of the strange phenomena that shape it.
The Space Operations Mission Directorate provides the Agency with leadership and management of NASA space operations related to human exploration in and beyond low-Earth orbit. Space Operations also oversees low-level requirements development, policy, and programmatic oversight. Current exploration activities in low-Earth orbit are the Space Shuttle and International Space Station programs.
Ames Research Center (Silicon Valley) enables exploration through selected development, innovative technologies, and interdisciplinary scientific discovery. Ames provides leadership in astrobiology; robotic lunar exploration; technologies for CEV, CLV, and HLV; the search for habitable planets; supercomputing; intelligent/adaptive systems; advanced thermal protection; and airborne astronomy. Ames develops tools for a safer, more efficient national airspace and unique partnerships benefiting NASA's mission.
Dryden's mission is to advance technology and science through flight. Specifically, it performs flight research and technology integration to revolutionize aviation and pioneer aerospace technology; validates space exploration concepts; conducts airborne remote sensing and science missions; and supports operations of the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station--for NASA and the nation.
At NASA's Glenn Research Center, in partnership with U.S. industry, universities, and other government institutions, we develop critical systems technologies and capabilities that address national priorities. Our world-class research, technology, and capability development efforts are keys to advancing exploration of our solar system and beyond while maintaining global leadership in aeronautics.
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center is home to the nation's largest organization of combined scientists, engineers and technologists that build spacecraft, instruments and new technology to study the Earth, the sun, our solar system, and the universe.
Located in the heart of West Virginia's emerging technology sector, the NASA IV&V Facility was established in 1993 as part of an Agency-wide strategy to provide the highest achievable levels of safety and cost-effectiveness for mission critical software. The NASA IV&V Facility was founded under the NASA Office of Safety and Mission Assurance (OSMA) as a direct result of recommendations made by the National Research Council (NRC) and the Report of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident.
JPL has 20 spacecraft and nine instruments conducting active missions. All of these are important parts of NASA's program of exploration of Earth, the solar system and the universe beyond. These ventures would not be possible without NASA's Deep Space Network managed by JPL. This international network of antenna complexes on several continents serves as the communication gateway between distant spacecraft and the Earth-based teams that guide them. While carrying out these exploration missions, JPL also conducts a number of space technology demonstrations in support of national security and develops technologies for uses on Earth in fields from public safety to medicine, capitalizing on NASA's investment in space technology.
Johnson Space Center was established in 1961, and from the early Gemini, Apollo and Skylab projects to today's Space Shuttle and International Space Station Programs, the Center continues to lead NASA's efforts in human space exploration.
At Kennedy Space Center, we're focused on flying the remaining space shuttle missions safely and completing the International Space Station. From this same location that launched humans to the moon forty years ago, we're preparing for our new missions back to the moon as part of NASA's Constellation Program. Once again we'll be leaving low Earth orbit as NASA returns to the moon and we go beyond. Kennedy is also home to NASA's Launch Services Program. This program is responsible for launching satellites and robotic missions on journeys to learn more about our home planet and to unlock the secrets of the universe.
Solving the tough problems in air, space and earth science is what Langley is known for. Its reputation for exceptional research started soon after Langley was established as the United States' first civilian aeronautics laboratory in 1917. Researchers at Langley are focusing on some of the biggest technical challenges of our time: global climate change, access to space and revolutionizing airplanes and the air transportation system.
Located on Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Ala., Marshall provides the multidiscipline engineering expertise behind propulsion and transportation systems such as the space shuttle and Ares rockets. Marshall continues to enable scientific discovery through development of hardware and instruments for projects including the Chandra X-ray Observatory, the GLAST Gamma-ray Burst Monitor, and Gravity Probe B. The center develops, integrates, and operates major components and systems on the International Space Station and supports its operations around the clock.
The center's primary mission at the onset was to flight certify all first and second stages of the Saturn V rocket for the Apollo program...Over the years, SSC has evolved into a multidisciplinary facility made up of NASA and 30 other resident agencies engaged in space and environmental programs and the national defense, including the U.S. Navy's world-class oceanographic research community.
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center`s Wallops Flight Facility, located on Virginia`s Eastern Shore, was established in 1945 by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, as a center for aeronautic research...Wallops is now NASA`s principal facility for management and implementation of suborbital research programs.
White Sands Test Facility offers numerous ambient pressure and altitude simulation stands to test rocket propulsion test systems as well as single rocket engines...WSTF performs testing designed to better understand materials used in space flight...The mission of the Hardware Processing Office is to provide the expertise to develop ground support equipment with the highest regard for safety and customer satisfaction...WSTF operates the White Sands Space Harbor (WSSH), the primary training area for Space Shuttle pilots.