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CSC124 Information, Technology, and Society: Word Project: Annotated Bibliography Assignment

This guide will define information, explain the differences between Google and databases or other library resources, how to locate reliable resources, and how to cite these resources.

Parts of an Annotated Bibliography

Your Word Project has four (4) parts.

  1. Title: the title of the article that you are writing about.
  2. Source: the proper APA citation of your article that you will create using Word's citation tool.
  3. Summary: a brief summary of the article written in your own words. Do not use the article's abstract, write a summary of the article in your own words and cite the in-text quotations correctly.
  4. Relevance: a few sentences about how the article is relevant to your major from your own personal perspective. 

Follow the sample annotated bibliography format shown on this page to complete your Word Project. If you have any questions, please ask your professor, CSC124 tutor, or librarian for help.

Purpose of an Annotated Bibliography

The purpose of an annotated bibliography is to provide a summary of the articles used in a project to easily keep a record of them and and remember each article. Often used in longer projects, this makes sure that you understand the information in each article and, based on what you wrote in your summary, refer back to the information in that article.

Sample Annotated Bibliography

Research on Teaching a Welding Implementation Course Assisted by Sustainable Virtual Reality Technology


Huang, C.-Y., Lou, S.-J., Cheng, Y.-M., & Chung, C.-C. (2020). Research on Teaching a Welding Implementation Course Assisted

by Sustainable Virtual Reality Technology. Sustainability, 12(23), 10044-10065. doi:10.3390/su122310044


In this journal, Huang et al. (2020) assessed whether using virtual reality as a tool to assist traditional welding instruction was effective. After integrating virtual reality welding practice into the course for 18 weeks, the authors concluded that the students' welding skills significantly improved based on their post-test welding practice scores (Huang et al., 2020). The authors specifically note that, " terms of the repeatability and safety of VR-assisted welding teaching, students can practice repeatedly in a safe environment and save the cost of relevant materials, which is sustainable and worth promoting" (Huang et al., 2020, p. 10061).


This article is relevant to my major, welding, because learning to weld using virtual reality and traditional welding techniques allows students' welding skills to improve. Learning to weld with virtual reality also provides a safe environment and decreases the costs of consumable materials.

Word Project Instructions Video

Plagiarism and Paraphrasing--What's the Difference?

person stealing an idea from someone elseThe dishonestly of plagiarism, the taking of someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as your own, is an action that could cause you to fail your course or assignment and even lead to your expulsion from college.  But plagiarism's close relation, paraphrasing, can be confusing.  Paraphrasing, the rewording of someone else's written or spoken words, still counts as academic dishonesty even though you rephrase a quote because the original idea is not your own.  Paraphrased sentences still need an in text citation within the work because you are quoting someone else's words or ideas. 

When properly cited, paraphrasing is beneficial because it engages your brain and requires you to understand what you have read or heard so that you can rephrase it.  Paraphrasing is more often used in professional writing, so knowing how to paraphrase can help prepare you for your career. While paraphrasing might be difficult at first, once you practice it, it will become easier and benefit you in the future.