A comprehensive reference that presents an overview of imprisonment in the nation that knows it best (i.e., with the highest incarceration rate in the world). Some 160 original, signed essays by US corrections experts offer historical perspectives, current analysis, and future outlooks. The coverage includes individuals noted for their work with prisons; facilities renowned for setting precedents; current policy, procedure, and program-oriented descriptions; and current prison issues. Specific topics include the handling of convicts with AIDS, corporal punishment, juvenile delinquents behind bars, boot camps, life without parole, racial conflict, and sexual exploitation. (RC) Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
The encyclopedia of crime & justice not only discusses many different kinds of crime--from perjury to terrorism--but also looks at law enforcement, legal procedures and penalties and the social causes and wide-ranging impact of crimes on society. The articles reflect issues dominating the news and entertainment media--topics that are frequently discussed or assigned in both high school and college curricula. What is perjury? How do copyright laws pertain to the Internet? Can a juvenile be tried as an adult for murder? In 250 A-Z entries, these interdisciplinary articles deal with the sociology, psychology, history and economics of crime.
The subfield of sociology concerned with deviant behavior--the violation of social norms--sends tendrils in many directions and has grown exponentially since World War II. This four-volume work aims to better define and to synthesize the evolving body of knowledge, and to provide a reference that is more coherent, convenient, and complete than scattered journal articles and textbooks. Some 500 signed, referenced essays comprise the entries, which are presented in volumes on historical, conceptual, and theoretical issues (v.1), crime and juvenile delinquency (v.2), sexual deviance (v.3), and self- destructive behavior and disvalued identity (v.4). Entries in each volume are arranged alphabetically, and the main author and title indexes are in the fourth volume. However, each volume has a subject- organized table of contents, which significantly enhances usefulness for readers seeking to explore particular themes. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
From boot camps to truancy, this book provides more than 200 up-to-date and concise entries in a single, authoritative volume. The editors cover historical and contemporary theories, concepts, and real-world practices of juvenile justice in the United States. The entries address a broad range of issues and topics, such as alcohol and drug abuse, arson, the death penalty for juveniles, computer and Internet crime, gun violence, gangs, missing children, school violence, teen pregnancy, and delinquency theories. In addition, topics cover society's response to the problems of juvenile justice, punishments meted out to America's juvenile offenders, juvenile rehabilitation programs, and well-known researchers and professionals in the field.
Examines all aspects of the world of cybercrime. Articles address key areas of concern and specifically those having to with terminology, definitions and social constructs of crime, national infrastructure security vulnerabilities and capabilities, types of attacks to computers and information systems, and computer abusers and cybercriminals.